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Paying Parents to Read to Their Children Boosts Literacy Skills

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COLUMBUS, Ohio – Researchers have found a surprising way to help boost the skills of children with language impairment: Pay their parents to read to them.  A new study tested four techniques to get parents or other caregivers to complete a 15-week literacy intervention for their children with language impairment.  Only one of those techniques – paying parents 50 cents for each reading session – led to children showing significant gains in reading test scores, findings showed.  “We were somewhat stunned to find that paying parents had this strong effect. We didn’t anticipate this,” said Laura Justice, lead author of the study and professor of educational psychology at The Ohio State University.  The other three techniques tried in the study were offering positive feedback to the parents, offering encouragement, and modeling to parents how to read in a way that improved children’s literacy skills.  None of these three was helpful, and offering feedback actually had a slight…

Abuse victims demand newly discovered Catholic Church funds


Within the 6,000-plus pages of documents released by the Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee is evidence that Archbishop Timothy Dolan moved money that may have gone to victims of childhood sexual abuse into a fund for cemetery care. Dolan calls the charges "old and discredited attacks."

Among the information in new documents released by the Milwaukee Archdiocese is evidence that Timothy Dolan, the archbishop of New York, put $57 million in a trust fund for cemeteries out of concern it could be awarded to victims of sexual abuse by Catholic priests.
Dolan, the current archbishop of New York and the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, was considered a contender for the recent papal vacancy eventually filled by Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina. Dolan has long been regarded as one of the "good guys" of the Catholic Church for being an outspoken supporter of the victims of clergy sexual abuse scandals.
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"When you think of what happened, both that a man who proposes to act in the name of God would have abused an innocent young person and that some bishops would have, in a way, countenanced that by reassigning abusers — that's nothing less than hideous," Dolan said on a 60 Minutes interview in 2011. "That's nothing less than nauseating," 

      


 Archbishop of New York 
 Cardinal Timothy Dolan was previously the leader of the 
 Archdiocese of Milwaukee. (Photo by Stephen Nessen/WNYC.)

Within the more than 6,000 pages of documents is evidence that Dolan tried to 
prevent some church assets from going to the abused, and that he used financial payments to try and encourage abusive priests to leave the church voluntarily — rather than wait out what could be a lengthy Vatican process.
 
“I welcome today’s voluntary release of documents by the Archdiocese of Milwaukee that contain information and details related to sexual abuse by clergy, and how the Archdiocese of Milwaukee responded to it," Dolan said in a statement Monday. "Unfortunately, we have already seen how the release of these documents will cause some to raise old and discredited attacks."
Dolan was ordained archbishop of Milwaukee in 2002 by Pope John Paul II a position he held until moving to New York in 2009.

In a 2007 letter to the Vatican, Dolan requested authority to transfer $57 million in church assets into a trust fund in an attempt to, as he put it, "protect the funds from any legal claim and liability."

The documents were released as a concession to the 575 men and women filing claims of alleged sexual abuse by Catholic priests and church employees. In a move they considered best for repaying the victims, the Milwaukee Archdiocese filed for bankruptcy in 2011. Negotiations over payments have since deteriorated and the victims are accusing the church of shielding the money.

Milwaukee Archbishop Jerome Listecki said the assets Dolan placed in trust were always earmarked for cemetery care.

"The cemetery funds have always been seen as an asset in trust, and Cardinal Dolan perpetuated that," he said in an interview with WTMJ-AM on Tuesday.

The victims will try to bring the trust funds into play in the bankruptcy proceedings, said Laurie Goodstein, national religion correspondent for the New York Times.
"The lawyers for the victims are insisting that those should be a part of the assets that are available to the creditors and most of the creditors are the abuse victims," she said.

A bankruptcy judge has yet to rule on that claim. Meanwhile, the church has been reluctant to settle its claims, arguing about 400 of the 575 cases are invalid.
Cases included within the documents span up to eighty years, and more than half of the 45 priests named in the documents have died. 

"We may never have the complete picture because the records are not always clear and there is no way to delve more deeply because many of the people involved are dead or have had memories fade as 20, 30 or 40 years or more have passed," Listecki said in a statement. "The documents present one part of the history of what happened and demonstrate how people tried to do their best with what they knew at the time."

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