by F Guzzardi
During my wanderings (searching for the meaning of life), I happened to spend a few months in India, including New Delhi and the Taj Mahal.
The first feeling I had in New Delhi, it was to be back in home. I had never been over there before then ... The driver of the hotel was waiting for me at the exit of the airport with a panel which he written (crippled ) my name.
I had to meet people for work and seen the poor quality of my English, I went around escorted by a translator who also served as a tour guide.
Not far from where I was staying, had just completed the largest Hindu temple in the city. Escaping at the supervision of my interpreter, I ventured to visit the place.
The temple was located in a large wooded park and had the form of a large lotus flower, but the thing was most surprised me, is the respectful silence of the pilgrims, had its interior completely devoid of any ornament or symbols. The pilgrims came from all over India, were sitting, meditating, without reciting any prayers or chants. I sat down like a perfect atheist curious of religions, and I was reminded of all wrong information disseminated in the world about this religion.
Basic concepts of Hinduism
Oneness of God
Hinduism is a monotheistic religion, in fact believes in one God"God is One, but sages call it by different names" (Rig Veda, I, 164)
God is one but is expressed in countless ways and forms. Hundreds are in fact the gods of the Hindu pantheon, and such a diversity of expressions of the Divine exists so that every human being can find their own way to achieve it.
Hinduism is unity in diversity: it is a universal religion and extremely tolerant.
"See the unity in diversity, the One God appears in many forms, is its immense vastness, indescribable glory. All the endless lands, the lonely and the planets that are seen and those beyond our perception, exist for his control. Lit in various forms, the eternal flame is One. Illuminating the world with the golden rays of dawn, painting the clouds with changing colors of the evening, the sun is one. " (Rig Veda)
Composed of a myriad of faiths, cultures and philosophies, unites millions of people in the world around great basic principles, respecting each other's diversity and valuing the uniqueness of each individual.
In Hinduism includes many spiritual traditions, which are like different roads leading to the same goal: God is One and appears in many forms, but each form is Him
"He knows the truth who knows this God as One. Neither the second nor the third or fourth He is called, or fifth, or sixth, or seventh He is called, nor eighth or ninth or tenth He called, He survives everything that breathes and does not breathe, he holds the supreme power. He is One, One, in Him all the divine powers become only one. " (Atharva Veda)
Karma is the responsibility
"It is said that a person consists of desires. As is his desire, so is his will. How is your will, so is his action. Whatever action is fulfilled, that you reap. How you act so you become . One becomes virtuous by virtuous actions, you become evil for evil deeds. " (Bhagavad-gita)
The Law of Karma is not fatalism or resignation, but responsibility to act, "you reap what you sow."
Suffering is the result of avidya, ignorance. Following the dharma and through the selfless act, the man overcomes the constraints generated by himself and conquer the only true freedom, that of ego.
Samsara, the cycle of incarnations
The birth and death are nothing but moments of change in the eternal flow of life.
"As a man stopping used clothes, takes new ones, so just the embodied soul, no longer worn-out bodies, is to assume new ones." (Bhagavad-gita)
Samsara is the cycle of birth, death, rebirth, new life and then again of death, and so on ad infinitum. The fruition of desires experience is accumulated in the basic trust that, until its complete exhaustion, determines the phenomenon of return in another body. Dissolving the veil of separation and ignorance, he realizes the only purpose of life, the creation of the immortal Self.
Purushartha the four purposes of life.
Principles that govern the life of man in his becoming: their achievement aims to achieve a happy, satisfying the material and spiritual needs in harmony with the ethical standards and in view of the ultimate goal: the liberation.
Dharma the universal ethical
The principle that brings harmony such other purposes as the existence and represents the universal ethical laws that govern the entire cosmos poster.
The realization of the overall well being, also in relation to the material conditions and means to enable them to maintain a good health and a social condition satisfactory.
The desire that supports any action in accordance with the dharma and harmonious enjoyment of sensual pleasures and the assets that you have.
Liberation from the cycle of incarnations and the bondage of the ego, to recognize what we have always been: one God and one with God
The ultimate goal of life and fulfillment of a long evolutionary path is the recognition, in which every living being will come, of his divine nature or rather the only Reality, beyond the illusory nature of the world, is God
This is the synthesis of Hinduism, which I consider one of the most noble religions in the world, and if there was a God .. I'd like if it was the one described in the Vedas or the Bhagavad-gita