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Paying Parents to Read to Their Children Boosts Literacy Skills

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COLUMBUS, Ohio – Researchers have found a surprising way to help boost the skills of children with language impairment: Pay their parents to read to them.  A new study tested four techniques to get parents or other caregivers to complete a 15-week literacy intervention for their children with language impairment.  Only one of those techniques – paying parents 50 cents for each reading session – led to children showing significant gains in reading test scores, findings showed.  “We were somewhat stunned to find that paying parents had this strong effect. We didn’t anticipate this,” said Laura Justice, lead author of the study and professor of educational psychology at The Ohio State University.  The other three techniques tried in the study were offering positive feedback to the parents, offering encouragement, and modeling to parents how to read in a way that improved children’s literacy skills.  None of these three was helpful, and offering feedback actually had a slight…

"Little Sparrow"


"The art is an outburst of the soul, the translation of the suffering or the care of a serious social malaise?
Likely! I've never met an artist lacking sensitivity and I've never seen sensitivity without pain, without inner struggle.
If you think that everything is due and that some people are privileged why with a gift of nature, remember the little sparrow, remember the "voix du paradis" remember the sublime Edith Piaf.

FGuzzardi


Edith Piaf
by name of  Edith Giovanna Gassion  
born December 19, 1915, Paris, France
died
October 10, 1963, Plascassier, near Grasse


French singer and actress whose interpretation of the chanson, or French ballad, made her internationally famous. Among her trademark songs were Non, je ne regrette rien (“No, I Don't Regret Anything”) and La Vie en rose (literally “Life in Pink” [i.e., through “rose-coloured glasses,” from an optimistic point of view]).
Piaf's songs and singing style seemed to reflect the tragedies of her own difficult life. Her mother, a café singer, abandoned her at birth, and she was taken in by her grandmother, who reared the girl in a house of prostitution. Piaf became blind at age three as a complication of meningitis but recovered her sight four years later. A few years after that she joined her father, a circus acrobat, and accompanied him while he performed. She sang in the streets of Paris until she was discovered by Louis Leplée, a cabaret owner, who gave her her first nightclub job. It was Leplée who began calling her “la môme piaf,” Parisian slang for “little sparrow,” in apparent reference to her diminutive size—under 5 feet (142 cm) tall and about 90 pounds (40 kg) in weight. She later adopted the name professionally. Her debut was acclaimed by the actor Maurice Chevalier, who was in the audience that night.




In 1935 Piaf made her theatrical debut, and within a few years she was singing in the large music halls of Paris. Initially her material was standard music hall fare, but eventually she had songwriters such as Marguerite Monnot and Michel Emer writing songs specifically for her. In the mid-1940s she became a mentor to the young Yves Montand, and she worked with him in the film Étoile sans lumière (1946; “Star Without Light”). She had an affair with the middleweight boxer Marcel Cerdan, who died in a plane crash on his way to meet her. Her unhappy personal life and unadorned though dramatic style underlined her expressive mezzo-soprano voice, and she was able to move audiences wherever she or her recordings traveled.
In addition to singing, she recorded her thoughts about her life in two books, Au bal de la chance (1958; “At the Ball of Fortune”; Eng. trans. The Wheel of Fortune) and the posthumously published Ma vie (1964; “My Life”; Eng. trans. 1990). Piaf's recordings remained available into the 21st century, and she was the subject of several biographies as well as plays and movies.

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