Open Lettre from those with Borderline Personality Disorder
Parental Behaviors Which Increase The Risk Of Developing A Personality Disorder
Research has shown that genetic, environmental, and prenatal factors all
play important roles in the development of personality disorder. Recent
research has also shown that low parental affection and harsh parenting increase the risk of a child later developing a personality disorder.
"Low affection" was defined as: low parental affection, low
parental time spent with the child, poor parental communication with the
child, poor home maintenance, low educational aspirations for the
child, poor parental supervision, low paternal assistance to the child's
mother, and poor paternal role fulfillment. "Harsh parenting"
was defined as: harsh punishment, inconsistent maternal enforcement of
rules, frequent loud arguments between the parents, difficulty
controlling anger toward the child, possessiveness, use of guilt to
control the child, and verbal abuse.