Monday, January 18, 2016

Emil Cioran

 "Cioran in Romania" Photographer of Keyston agency / Getty Images
If I had to name a philosopher to whom I feel particularly close, I would say certainly Cioran. I can share all its steps and also his refusal to politics, in total coherence with the philosophical choices.Cioran's attitude towards existence is expressed in a defense of non-existence and therefore suicide: life is a disgrace and the birth irretrievable disaster .In reality himself, despite being a great connoisseur of philosophy , it does not define him self a philosopher but a private thinker "Privatdenker".In the :The disadvantage of being born  work of 1973 he focuses on the tragic vision of existence and his pessimism which is the extreme of what Schopenhauer from which also draws the interest in Buddhism and the theory of the nightmare the pain of living:

"" Everything is pain. " The formula Buddhist, modernized, would sound, "It is a nightmare." [....] I do not lose to be born. It is as if,
infiltrate in this world, I had profaned a mystery, betrayed some solemn undertaking, is guilty of unprecedented severity. But it happens to be less peremptory birth seems to me then that I would be a calamity inconsolable not to have known. "

The '"brave Disillusion"There is no doubt that the work of Cioran, while unfolding in various books also far apart in time and topic, is pervaded by a spirit totally cruel but at the same time hopeful, as disillusionment: cruel because in front of it all worldly phenomenon flows into bankruptcy, hopeful because nothing is more instructive, in philosophy, the same failure. [6]The writings of Cioran have the mark of dizziness and clarity, are not written according to pedagogical purposes. And why are extreme, laconic epitaphs existence of random, meaningless, permeated by bitterness."There are nights when the future is abolished, and all its moments there is only what we choose to no longer be."SuicideEmil Cioran suicide provides a totally new reading. It, rather than being the ultimate expression of disillusionment and despair in the face of a life unlivable, is paradoxically what enables life. This is possible to the extent that the existence is perceived in absolute terms as agonizing constriction inevitable ; In this perspective, suicide is the character fuller freedom exercised by the man who, in the impotence of life, has at all times the omnipotence of the termination of the Whole, the extreme negation of all otherness unsustainable. The man, ultimately, can shoulder the burden of life only to the extent that he knows he can go to the death."I remember one occasion when I walked for three hours in Luxembourg with an engineer who wanted to commit suicide. I finally convinced him not to. I told him that the important thing was to have conceived the idea, knowing free. I think the idea of ​​suicide is the only thing that makes life bearable, but must know how to take advantage, do not rush to draw such conclusions. It is a very useful idea: should make us lessons in schools! "IronyThe irony able to grasp the absurdity of life saves Cioran and his readers by pessimism and nihilism. The irony and humor that accompanies it make tolerable existence that sometimes appears paradoxical giving a new rational sense from which to start living again without cheating."There is nothing to justify the fact of living. Now headed to limit yourself you can still invoke arguments, causes, effects, moral considerations, etc.? Certainly not. To live not remain then that reasons groundless. At the height of despair, only the passion of the absurd can illuminate a light demonic chaos. When all ideal current - moral, aesthetic, religious, social, etc.-they do not know to give life a direction or find a purpose, save it as yet from nowhere? It can only succeed by clinging to the absurd, absolute futility, something, that is, that has no consistency, but whose fiction can create an illusion of life "Show, do not explainThe philosophical system of Cioran is to deny the system, the rules, the academic formalism: does not pretend to explain and demonstrate but only to show what life is talking about himself as a man and not the abstract humanity.Various and seemingly incompatible are the ways of thinking that he runs:

physiology mystical (in Tears and Saints);
the history and philosophy (in History and Utopia);
literature (in exercises of admiration);
religion (in the deadly demiurge);but they all lead to one result: failure that marks all life and gives it meaning. Emil M. Cioran (Răşinari, April 8, 1911 - Paris, June 20, 1995) was a philosopher, essayist and aphorist Romanian, among the most influential of the twentieth century.From 1933 to 1935 he lived in Berlin and the second world war he resided in France with the status of stateless persons; He wrote the first books in Romanian, but by the end of the war onwards always wrote in French and, although it was not his idiom of birth, is considered by many one of the best, if not the best, in this language prose writer of all time .Near the existentialist thought, however it deviates from French existentialist movement because of its distance from the main ideological leaders such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and Albert Camus, refusing the active political commitment on the progressive front, and sharing the philosophy of the absurd his friend Eugene Ionesco, but charging it with extreme pessimism. Cioran is in fact influenced by Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, Heidegger (which compared to the technicality of the latter will accrue an extreme reaction) and later by Leopardi (although, by his own admission, never deeply known, but warned that "brother of choice ", from which he draws his nihilism and his pessimism. His aphorisms, even for personal experiences, are in fact imbued with a deep bitterness and misanthropy, but are tempered by his acute irony and his writing skills.

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